Many, but not all citations are mentioned explicitly in the text. Some describe a
contrary opinion to that accepted by the characters in their pursuit of the truth, and
so citations listed here should not all be considered as supporting evidence, but
indeed are part of the ongoing conversation to resolve our ultimate position in
Alighieri, Dante, The Divine Comedy, (1321, first printed in 1472),
recent printing: NAL Trade (2003) ISBN: 0451208633.
Dante (1265-1321) tells of the journey made by his sinful soul to eternal
salvation, passing through the three realms: the inferno (hell), purgatorio
(Mount Purgatory) and paradiso (paradise).
Asimov, Isaac, Asimov’s Guide to the Bible Random House (1981)
ISBN:0-517-34582-X. A historical and primarily secular treatment of the entire
Bible, filled with maps and diagrams to explain the story and compare it with
present day geography. Worth the read, and an unusual contribution by an author
known primarily for his science fiction and scientific discourses.
Asimov, Isaac, In the Beginning...Science Faces God in the Book of Genesis,
Stonesong Press (1981) ISBN:0-517-543362. A great review of Genesis, with the
presumption that the text was generated from earlier myths from the region.
Augustine of Hippo, City of God, Doubleday Publishing (1950,
originally published AD 413) ISBN:0-385-02910-1. Augustine (AD 354-430) was a
key contributor to Christian church doctrine; he coined the term
and authored the doctrine of original sin that would haunt theologians for
centuries. See Book XIII: Adam’s Sin and Its Consequences
Barber, Richard, The Holy Grail, Penguin Books (2004) ISBN:0-674-01390-5.
Recounts the history of the Holy Grail, first introduced as a concept by a poet,
Chretien, in unremarkable fictional poetry about the hero Perceval written in
the AD 1100s. This story was key to The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown.
Behe, Michael, Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution,
Touchstone (1996) ISBN:0-684-83493-6. A case against Darwin’s theory of evolutionary
gradualism on the biochemical level. Behe is a well-known and outspoken contrarian
to the current neo-Darwinist theory relating to the formation of life on earth.
Berkeley, George, A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge,
(1710) Berkeley proposed that there is no physical reality, only our perceptions of it.
Berkhof, Louis, Principles of Biblical Interpretation: Sacred Hermeneutics,
Baker Book House (1950) ISBN:0-8010-0549-3. Considers Sacred Hermeneutics, in
that it assumes that supernatural influence exerted on the sacred writers by the
Holy Spirit, by virtue of which their writings are given divine truthfulness,
and constitute an infallible and sufficient rule of faith and practice.
Bouchard, Thomas J., Jr. “The genetics of personality.” In Blum, K. & Noble,
E. P. (Eds.) Handbook of Psychiatric Genetics. Boca Raton, Fl., CRC Press.
Bouchard was principal investigator on the Minnesota Twin Registry.
Bristol, Claude M., The Magic of Believing, Pocket (1991) ISBN: 0671745212
(originally published in 1948). This book postulates that there is a field that
the human mind can tap into that we currently don’t understand, but can work
wonders if we just believe that we can indeed affect our world by thinking about it.
Cohen, Edmund D., The Mind of the Bible-Believer, Prometheus Books (1983)
ISBN: 0-87975-495-8. From the introduction:
My contention is that the Bible is history’s most successful psychological
manipulation, achieving with uncanny facility what motivational researchers and
psychological warfare experts of our own day have only dreamed of.
Commission on Life Sciences, DNA Technology in Forensic Science,
National Academy Press, (1992) ISBN:0-309-04587-8. Contains a great review of
the issues surrounding DNA fingerprinting in forensic science, including the use
of RFLP, PCR, and other technologies, the standards to be used for handling, testing and reporting.
Confucius, The I Ching, (400 BC) Modern version: General Publishing
Company (1834, 1854, 1963) ISBN:486-21062-6 Translated from Chinese in 1854 and 1855 by James Legge.
Crichton, Michael, Jurassic Park, Knopf (1990) ISBN: 0394588169.
Perhaps one of the first widely popular treatments of DNA concepts in the early 1990s.
Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,
or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, (1859)
First compelling evidence artfully presented with a full theory of evolution,
based on the existing theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics as
published by Lamarck. This was one of the most important developments in the
history of scientific thought.
Danzer, Gerald A., Atlas of World History, Borders Group, Inc. (2000)
ISBN:0681465727. In the chapter entitled “The Rise of Agriculture and The Spread
of Civilizations, 10,000 BCE to 500 CE” Danzer notes:
Note that the four primary civilizations in the middle latitudes of the Old
World--in Asia and Africa--were set in riverine environments. The presence of a
great river is often considered a major factor in the rise and development of
these civilizations. The Tigris-Euphrates, the Nile, the Indus, and the Huang
He are key geographic elements in understanding the rise and spread of these
Denton, Michael, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis Adler and Adler
Publishers (1985) ISBN:0-917561-05-8. Addresses the key weaknesses in the theory
of Evolution in an easy-to-read volume.
Edwards, I.E.S., The Pyramids of Egpyt, Penguin Books, (1947-1993)
ISBN: 0140136347. One of England’s leading Egyptologists provides the traditional
interpretation of these ancient artifacts.
Forrester-Brown, James S., Two Creation Stories in Genesis, The: A Study
of their Symbolism, Shambhala Publications, (1920, 1974) ISBN:0-87773-053-9
Fridell, Ron, DNA Fingerprinting: The Ultimate Identity, Grolier
Publishing 2001 ISBN:0-531-11858-4. Easy-reading book hits the highlights of the
history of DNA Fingerprinting as it relates to forensic science.
Friedman, Richard Elliott, Who Wrote the Bible, Harper Collins (1987)
ISBN:0-06-0630350-3. Explores the authorship of the Old Testament, presents the
JEPD Theory and possible authors and dates.
Goldberg, David E. Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization & Machine Learning,
Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. (1989) ISBN:0-201-15767-5.
Provides a nice introduction to Genetic Algorithms and their application.
The first few chapters are readable by anyone; only programmers will appreciate
the remainder of the book.
Goldschmidt, Richard, The Material Basis of Evolution, Yale University Press (1940)
Goldschmidt was an early contrarian to the neoDarwinians that predominated in the
early 20th century. As professor of Zoology at the University of California,
Goldschmidt used empirical evidence to support microevolution (evolution within a species)
but to refute the claims of macroevolution (evolution between species).
In this work, the term hopeful monster was first coined. He attempted to
demonstrate that Darwin’s theory was correct by considering animals that fossilized
easily. He failed, and was a technical outcast for years. Today, his work still stands but
macroevolution is being supported by extending hybridization (See macroevolution.net)
Gould, Stephen Jay, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Harvard University Press (2002)
ISBN:0-674-00613-5. This massive book attempts to model evolutionary theory
encompassing recent knowledge and debates. In its over 1,400 pages of fine print,
Gould presents his life’s final work, including the concept of punctuated equilibrium.
Hengel, Martin, Crucifixion in the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message
of the Cross, Augsburg Fortress Publishers; 1st American edition (1977), ISBN: 080061268X.
Crucifixion was anything but a bloodless punishment. From the whipping that normally
took place beforehand to the way people were stapled onto the crosses,
this was torture at its worst.
Hoffer, Eric, The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements,
Harper Row (1951) ISBN:0-06-091612-5. This book is an amazing statement of truth
about the nature of mass movements. Hoffer was originally speculating on the
Nazi movement in Germany, but extended this to all movements, from religious to political.
Holldobler, Bert & Wilson, Edward O.; Journey to the Ants,
Harvard University Press, (1994) ISBN: 0-674-48525-4. Describes the amazing intelligence of the lowly ant.
Hopfield, John J. "Neural Networks and Physical Systems with Emergent Collective
Computational Abilities," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 79, pp 2554-2558, April, 1982.
Biophysics. Also reprinted in the book
Feynman and Computation: Exploring the Limits of Computers, Perseus Books, (1999) ISBN:0-7382-0057-3.
This ground-breaking work considered a large number of simple neurons to result
in an emergent intelligence, the concept of “mind.”
Hubbard, L. Ron, Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health,
Bridge Publications, Inc., (1992) ISBN:0-88404-632-x. Describes the concept
behind the biofeedback methodology of Scientology. Describes that our mind is
always right: “...the sentient portion of the mind, which computes the answers
to problems and makes man utterly incapable of error.” Hubbard goes on to say:
“Man is good. Take away his basic aberrations and with them go the evil of which
the scholastic and the moralist were so fond.”
Human Genome Project, see www.genome.gov.
This site provides the latest in genomic research, including the complete human
genome and comparison with other life. Genetic textbooks online as well.
Josephus, The Jewish Antiquities, (about AD 90). Available as
Josephus Complete Works by J. I. Packer, Merrill C. Tenney, Nelson
Reference (1998) ISBN: 0785214275. Josephus was born in Jerusalem ca. AD 38 and
became a historian writing principally about the Jewish people. He mentions
Jesus Christ (i.e. the so-called Testimonium Flavinium) in two passages,
Ant. 18.3.3 and 188.8.131.52. There does not appear to be anything in both of
Josephus’ accounts that would necessarily disagree with the Gospel writers.
The problem seems to be whether Jospehus actually penned the final form of the
first passage (i.e. Ant. 18.3.3) as we have it today. The opinion of scholars,
since the sixteenth century or so, has been divided. Some say that the saying
as a whole is authentic. Others say that parts of the saying are from the hand
of Josephus and that parts are Christian additions. And, thirdly, there are
those who regard the whole statement as spurious—totally a Christian interpolation,
as the flavor of the paragraph is in sharp distinction to the others.
Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man;
for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth
with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles.
He was Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us,
had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake
him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had
foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. And the
tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day.
— The Jewish Antiquities, 18.3.3.
Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Pure Reason, Prometheus Books (1990)
ISBN: 0879755962 [Original published in 1781].
Widely considered the greatest single work in modern philosophy, Kant made a
thorough and systematic analysis of the conditions for knowledge.
Korsmeyer, Jerry, Evolution and Eden: Balancing Original Sin and Contemporary Science
Paulist Press (1998) ISBN:0-8091-3815-8. Korsmeyer examines how an evolutionary
perspective impacts on traditional understanding of original sin. He reviews the
history of the doctrine as well as the church’s interaction with the theory of
evolution. Using clues provided by evolution and process thought, the author
suggests an interpretation of original sin that incorporates both modern
Catholic scholarship and scientific evidence. Ultimately, he moves toward a
theology of evolution.
Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste, Philosophie Zoologique, Flammarion (1997)
ISBN: 2080707078, [Original publication 1809]. Lamarck (1774–1829) was a French
botanist who proposed two ideas that had great impact in the theory of evolution.
He did not believe in extinction, but that every member of a species would evolve
into another species; he believed that change was brought about through use and
disuse and inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Lawrence, Jerome, Inherit the Wind, (Play, 1960). A recounting of the
famous "Monkey Trial," a real-life case in 1925. Two great lawyers
argue the case for and against a science teacher accused of the crime of teaching
Linnaeus, Carolus, Systema Naturae, (1735) Initially only eleven pages,
Linnaeus proposed a new classification for the three kingdoms in nature: the
animals, plants, and stones. The plant kingdom was particularly alarming, as
lants were not considered living like the animals. His work was revised until it
finally reached three thousand pages. Modern taxonomy information can be found
on-line at the National Center for Biotechnology Information,
Taxonomy Browser: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Lorenz, Edward, The Essence Of Chaos, University of Washington Press (1993)
ISBN:0-295-97514-8. The original work on Chaos Theory by the scientist who coined the
term. Fractals grew from this work as a means to predict the bounds of the outcome
of a chaotic system.
Mack, Burton, Who Wrote the New Testament: The Making of the Christian Myth,
Harper San Francisco (1995) ISBN:0-06-065518-6. This is truly an excellent book,
broaching the taboo topic about the source of the Christian Myth.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Transcendental Meditation, Allied Publishers (1963)
Meditation is a technique utilized and improved for thousands of years in the East.
Maharishi brought the practice to the West in a form suitable for use by cultures
that may not subscribe to other aspects of religious practice.
Maynard Smith, John; Szathmary, Eors; The Major Transitions in Evolution,
Oxford University Press (1976) ISBN: 019850294X.
An important technical review of key problem areas in the present theory of evolution, written
by a devout evolutionist.
Milton, John, Paradise Lost, (1667) Epic poem drawing extensively on
classical mythology, Homer, Vergil, Christian Scripture and theology, and British
political events, to retell the Fall and explain abstract theological and psychological ideas.
Milton, Richard, Forbidden Science: Exposing the secrets of suppressed research,
Fourth Estate Limited, 1995, ISBN:1-85702-302-1. In exposing taboo areas of scientific
experimentation, Milton shows how findings that threaten scientific orthodoxy are
systematically misrepresented, ridiculed, and starved of funding.
Muhammad, Al-Qur’an (Koran), Original from AD 640, English Translation: (1984)
Princeton University Press ISBN:0-691-07329-5. This is the holy book of the Islamic
faith as dictated to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. Of interest is a section from
The Elevated Places, verses 7.19-7.22, describing the Fall and casting the serpent as Satan:
And (We said): O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden; so eat from where
ou desire, but do not go near this tree, for then you will be of the unjust. But
the Satan made an evil suggestion to them that he might make manifest to them
what had been hidden from them of their evil inclinations, and he said: Your
Lord has not forbidden you this tree except that you may not both become two
angels or that you may (not) become of the immortals. And he swore to them both:
Most surely I am a sincere adviser to you. Then he caused them to fall by deceit;
so when they tasted of the tree, their evil inclinations became manifest to them,
and they both began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden; and their
Lord called out to them: Did I not forbid you both from that tree and say to you
that the Satan is your open enemy?
Mundkur, Balaji, The Cult of the Serpent: an interdisciplinary survey of its
manifestations and origins (1983) State University of New York Press.
Technically sophisticated survey of the serpent in myths and cults throughout history.
Olson, Steve, Mapping Human History: Genes, Race, and Our Common Origins,
Mariner Books (2002) ISBN:0-618-35210-4. Genetic research to trace the origins of
modern humans and the migrations of our ancestors over the past 150,000 years.
Every single one of the 6 billion people on the planet today is descended from the
small group of anatomically modern humans who once lived in eastern Africa... the
old style humans eventually disappeared.
Peacocke Arthur, Paths From Science Toward God: The End of all our Exploring,
One World Publications (2001) ISBN:1-85168-245-7. Renowned theologian and biochemist
Arthur Peacocke "reunites the warring worlds of science and religion."
Eloquently written, it nicely covers the history of science and proposes a method
of dealing with theology that utilizes the trusted thinking patterns of science.
Penrose, Roger, The Road to Reality: A complete guide to the laws of the Universe,
Alfred A. Knopf (2004) ISBN: 0-679-45443-8.
Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at Oxford University, Roger Penrose,
known for "Penrose tiles," compiled this truly wonderful work. Most
enjoyable by those with an understanding of advanced math topics such as calculus
and complex numbers, it can be at least partially enjoyed by others motivated to
understand these laws.
Plato, The Works of Plato, (Approx. 400 BC)
Polkinghorne, John Science and Theology: An Introduction, Fortress Press, (1998).
Contains a carefully selected bibliography helpful to newcomers to the field.
Popper, Karl, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Routledge; New Edition (2002)
[originally published in 1934]. ISBN: 0415278449. In one majestic and systematic attack,
psychologism, naturalism, inductionism, and logical positivism are swept away and
replaced by a set of methodological rules called Falsificationism—the idea that
science advances by unjustified, exaggerated guesses followed by unstinting criticism.
Only hypotheses capable of clashing with observation reports are allowed to count as scientific.
President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and
Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Splicing Life: A Report on the Social and
Ethical Issues of Genetic Engineering with Human Beings, U.S. Government
Printing Office (1982) LOC:83-600500. Governmental study in response to a request
by the National Council of Churches, reviewing the ethical issues and made recommendations
regarding the composition and focus of the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and
the Genetic Engineering Commission.
Pritchard ,James B., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament,
Princeton University Press (1969) ISBN:0691035032
Ryan, Thomas, Prayer of Heart and Body: Meditation and Yoga As Christian
Spiritual Practice, Paulist Press (2001), ISBN: 080914056X. Describes how
the Eastern practice of meditation can be effectively utilized by Christians.
Sagan, Carl, Dragons of Eden, The: Speculations on the Evolution of Human
Intelligence, Random House (1977) ISBN:0-345-34629-7. Sagan reviews the
structure of the brain and mind and relates it to other animals, and reflects
on how such a brain may have resulted from evolutionary forces. Reflection on
how well we adopt new ideas with suspicion and reluctance.
Salahuddin, Abubakr Ben Ishmael, Saving the Savior: Did Christ Survive the
Crucifixion?, Jammu Press; First Paperback edition (June, 2001) ISBN: 0970828012.
Presents the explosive theory that Jesus Christ survived the crucifixion, traveled
across Asia, took up residence in Kashmir, India, married, had children, and lived
to the ripe old age of 120 years.
Schroeder, Gerald The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and
Biblical Wisdom, The Free Press (1997) ISBN:0-684-83736-6. Schroeder, a
physicist from MIT compares popular scientific theories about the formation of
the universe with the creation story in Genesis. He notes:
To account for life on Earth, scientific theories require that either life
was planted on Earth from outer space or an exotic property of molecular
self-organization rapidly joined the necessary chemicals into self-replicating
molecules and then a yet-to-be-discovered series of catalysts developed these
fecund molecules into life itself.
According to the fossil record, gradual evolution has been found to be false
at every major morphological change. The fossil record regularly fails to give
any hint at the basic anatomical levels that a change in morphology was in the
offing. The record’s leaps and bounds, Darwin claimed, were the result of its
One-celled organisms sprang to life as soon as water was present, 3.8 billion
years ago. There is no clear-cut path from the primordial soup to life. 650 million
years ago, simple globular forms formed, known as Ediacaran Fauna. 530 million
years ago, the Cambrian Era was the start of all life extant today, simultaneously
in the oceans. This explosion of life is one of the centuries greatest discoveries.
Smith, H. Shelton, Changing Conceptions of Original Sin, Charles Scribners Sons,
(1955) ISBN:LOC-55-9682. This book provides a detailed review of the history of
original sin, especially during the mid-1700s.
Smith, Joseph, The Book of Mormon, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints, ISBN:0-87747-643-8. Joseph Smith claims to have been visited by an
angel named Moroni, who provided a set of gold plates with the book written on
it, "giving an account of the former inhabitants of this continent, and the
source whence they sprang." Of specific interest is 2 Nephi 2:17-19 on the Fall:
And I, Lehi, according to the things which I have read, must needs suppose that
an angel of God, according to that which is written, had fallen from heaven;
wherefore, he became a devil, having sought that which was evil before God.
And because he had fallen from heaven, and had become miserable forever, he
sought also the misery of all mankind. Wherefore, he said unto Eve, yea, even
that old serpent, who is the devil, who is the father of all lies, wherefore
he said: Partake of the forbidden fruit, and ye shall not die, but ye shall be
as God, knowing good and evil. And after Adam and Eve had partaken of the
forbidden fruit they were driven out of the garden of Eden, to till the earth.
Soros, George, The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Open Society Endangered,
Public Affairs, (1998) ISBN:1-891620-27-4. Soros relies on several philosophical
ideas to become one of the most successful investors. He defines fallibility,
the claim that the human mind usually is in variance with the actual state of
affairs; bias, the difference between the model of the mind and reality; and
reflexivity, the idea that the defective human concept can also modify reality itself.
Sturtevant, Alfred Henry, A History of Genetics, Cold Spring Harbor
Laboratory Press (1965, 2001) A classic work by a scientist who was present
during the early days of genetics research, with the insights of a witness
rather than a historian.
Tarnas, Richard, The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas
That Have Shaped Our World View, Ballantine Books (1991) ISBN:0-345-36809-6.
A comprehensive history of ideas. Highly recommended.
Taylor, John, Scripture-Doctrine of Original Sin Proposed to Free and
Candid Examination (1740). Touted as of the best books considering original sin.
Suppressed by the church, it is very hard to come by, although the response by
Jonathan Edwards--which supports conventional wisdom--is easy to find.
Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre, The Phenomenon of Man, William Collins
Sons (1959) ISBN:LOC:59-5154 Translated from the French version originally
published in 1955 after his death. Teilhard (1881-1955), a naturalist and
geologist, was also an ordained member of the Society of Jesus. He lived in
China for many years where he played a role in the discovery of Peking Man.
This work considers the “Stuff of the Universe” and attempts to square evolution,
atomic physics, and the facts of the geologic past with theology. This book focuses
mainly on the concept that everything is intimately related and connected, and
the "Noosphere" exists where we can access this dimension. Finally, he
introduces the Omega Point as a means to bring everything under one concept.
Tillich, Paul, Dynamics of Faith, Harper Row Publishers (1957) ISBN:0-06-130042-X.
Describes the concept of faith, God, and the symbols of such a faith. Tillich uses
a definition of faith that is based on “Ultimate Concern,” and not the more simplistic
concept of belief with uncertainty.
Towner, W. Sibley, Genesis, Westminster John Knox Press (2001) ISBN:0-664-25256-7.
Provides a wealth of information regarding possible ancient myths that contributed
to the stories found in Genesis, including the Enuma Elish creation myth, Enki and
Ninhursaga Sumerian legend, Adapa Myth, and others.
Unknown, Dead Sea Scrolls, Recovered from caves near the Dead Sea.
In 1947, young Bedouin shepherds entered a long-untouched cave and found jars
filled with ancient scrolls. That initial discovery yielded seven scrolls and
began a search that lasted nearly a decade and eventually produced thousands
of scroll fragments from eleven caves.
Vorilhon, Claude (AKA “Rael”), The True Face of God, (1998) ISBN:2940252009.
Describes an encounter with a flying saucer and aliens who described an alternative
interpretation of biblical stories. A cult following of Raelians prepares for a
landing of the aliens in Jerusalem and promotes the development of cloning
technologies. With regard to the interpretation of the serpent and the temptation
of Eve, the aliens say:
The "serpent" was this small group of creators who had wished to tell
the truth to Adam and Eve and as a result they were condemned by the government
of their own planet to live in exile on Earth, while all the other scientists
had to put a stop to their experiments and leave the Earth.
Watson, James D., DNA: The Secret of Life, Knopf (2003) ISBN: 0375415467.
Overview of DNA from one of the key discoverers.
Wecht, Cyril, et al, Mortal Evidence: The Forensics behind Nine Shocking
Cases Prometheus Books (2003) ISBN:1-59102-134-0.
Overview of the O.J. Simpson trial and its attention to the issue of DNA evidence.
Wendt, Herbert, In Search of Adam, Houghton Mifflin (1956) ISBN: LOC:56-7241.
Background and narrative history the key players as they strive to understand our
biological roots, including Gregor Mendel.
White, Andrew Dickson, History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, (1898).
An amazingly thorough work reviewing theological criticism and scientific theories as of 1898.
White, Ellen G., The Story of Patriarchs and Prophets (1890).
Organized what eventually became known as the Seventh-Day Adventist Church,
Ellen G. White (1827-1915) was regarded by supporters as a modern-day prophet.
From Chapter 3, "The Temptation and Fall," she writes:
In order to accomplish his work unperceived, Satan chose to employ as his medium
the serpent--a disguise well adapted for his purpose of deception. The serpent
was then one of the wisest and most beautiful creatures on the earth.
It had wings, and while flying through the air presented an appearance of
dazzling brightness, having the color and brilliancy of burnished gold.
Resting in the rich-laden branches of the forbidden tree and regaling itself
with the delicious fruit, it was an object to arrest the attention and delight
the eye of the beholder. Thus in the garden of peace lurked the destroyer,
watching for his prey.
Williams, Patricia, Doing without Adam and Eve: Sociobiology and Original Sin,
Augsburg Fortress (2001) ISBN:0-8006-3285-0.
Williams suggests that the entire story of Adam and Eve should be ignored and
forgotten, and replaced with the scientific view of evolution.
Woodward et al.,. "DNA sequences from Cretaceous period bone fragments."
1994 Science 266: 1229-1232. Scott R. Woodward, a geneticist from the
Brigham Young University, claimed that he was able to extract and amplify
DNA from from two eighty million-year old bone fragments of a large skeleton
found in the roof of a coal mine. Later, others refuted his claims, asserting
that his experiments were contaminated with human DNA.
Wooldridge, Dean E., Mechanical Man: The Physical Basis of Intelligent Life,
McGraw-Hill Book Company, (1968) LOC:68-11240. Contains nice summary of organic
vs. inorganic and molecular structure of proteins and DNA.
Yan, Johnson F., DNA and the I CHING: The Tao of Life, North Atlantic Books
(1991) ISBN:1-55643-097-3. Yan considers the correlation between the sixty-four
codes available to the three-position codons in DNA and the sixty-four elements
of the I Ching. He attempts to pair the I Ching patterns with DNA codons by
considering the frequency of each codon and the spacing of prime numbers.